The Moths of Suffolk
1935 Mottled Umber, Erannis defoliaria, (Clerck, 1759)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and common

Habitats : Woodland, scrub, hedgerows, gardens and heathland

Flight Period : Single-brooded; October to January

Larval foodplants : Various broad-leaved trees and shrubs

Morley's Final Catalogue : By no means a pest with us: quite uncommon, or overlooked. Since 1890 noted only sparingly in Bentley Woods; Ipswich (Ml); Needham Market in 1903 (Platten). 'A single specimen at Monks Soham on 23 Nov. 1934 (Mly). Rare at Gorleston (D).

Wingspan details : Forewing 18-25mm, Wingspan male 40-45mm, female wingless

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultSpring Usher, Agriopis leucophaearia
Scarce Umber, Agriopis aurantiaria
Dotted Border, Agriopis marginaria

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Ipswich, Suffolk (xi.2003) © N Sherman

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
24 2 20 100 97

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
ova ova ova larva larva larva pupa pupa pupa imago imago ovaimago

Further Photographs

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Ipswich, Suffolk (x.2004) © N Sherman
Beaten from Birch - Old Hall Wood, Suffolk (v.2003) © N Sherman
Orange form - Ipswich, Suffolk (x.2004) © N Sherman
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (18.xi.2011) © Neil Sherman
Larva on Blackthorn - Hinderclay Fen, Suffolk (20.v.2006) © A Prichard
Eye (16.xi.2001) © Paul Kitchener
 
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larva on Silver Birch - Knettishall Heath, Suffolk (9.v.2009) © Lee Gregory
Female found after dark by torchlight crawling up an Oak tree - Ipswich, Suffolk (9.xii.2009) © Neil Sherman
Female found after dark by torchlight crawling up an Oak tree - Ipswich, Suffolk (9.xii.2009) © Neil Sherman
 
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Male with female - Ipswich, Suffolk (9.xii.2009) © Neil Sherman
Male - Ipswich, Suffolk (9.xii.2009) © Neil Sherman
Melanic specimen - Ipswich, Suffolk (13.i.2011) © Neil Sherman
 
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Male - Ipswich, Suffolk (28.xi.2014) © Neil Sherman
Various colour forms of males from a catch of 40 individuals - Ipswich, Suffolk (18.xii.2015) © Neil Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (24.xii.2017) © Paul Kitchener
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (30.xii.2017) © Paul Kitchener