The Moths of Suffolk
1932 Spring Usher, Agriopis leucophaearia, (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread but tends to be localised to woods

Habitats : Mature oak woodland, heathland with scrub oak

Flight Period : Single-brooded; January to mid-March

Larval foodplants : Pedunculate Oak and Sessile Oak

Morley's Final Catalogue : Extremely local, but quite frequent in a few of our larger oak-woods. Stowmarket (B, Ent. Wk. Intell. ii, 1857, 28); Sotterley in 1935 (Btn). Always common at Bentley during March; Wherstead (Trans. ii, p. cxlii). Several on telegraph-poles by Kessingland road in 1933 (Gd). On oak-trunk, with A. pedaria, in wood near Howards Common at Belton on 15 March 1931 (Wiltshire, in lit. 10 Jan. 1935)., Sibton 1937 (Hawley).

Wingspan details : Forewing 14-17mm, Wingspan male 31-37mm, female wingless

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultMarch Moth, Alsophila aescularia
Dotted Border, Agriopis marginaria
Mottled Umber, Erannis defoliaria

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Ipswich Golf Course (2004) © N Sherman

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
100 95 3

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
pupa pupaimago ovaimago larva larva larva pupa pupa pupa pupa pupa pupa

Further Photographs

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Ipswich, Suffolk (i.2004) © N Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (i.2004) © N Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (ii.2005) © N Sherman
 
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Melanic form - Ipswich, Suffolk (ii.2005) © N Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (i.2005) © N Sherman
Selection of colour forms - Ipswich, Suffolk (i.2006) © Neil Sherman
 
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Female found on Oak tree at dawn. - Ipswich, Suffolk (ii.2007) © Neil Sherman
Male and female found at night by torchlight on Oak tree - Ipswich, Suffolk (4.ii.2010) © Neil Sherman
Beaten from Oak - Knettishall heath, Suffolk (30.v.2010) © Neil Sherman
 
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Various colour forms of males from an exceptionally early hatch - Ipswich, Suffolk (18.xii.2015) © Neil Sherman
Male, banded specimen - Ipswich, Suffolk (24.i.2016) © Neil Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (15.ii.2017) © Paul Kitchener